Early cancer symptoms are often the same as non-cancerous conditions. Early cancer symptoms that mimic common conditions of the sinuses include:
- A nose bleed from one nostril
- Blockage of a nostril
- Runny nose on one side
Symptoms that can indicate an advances cancer tumor are:
- A persistent headache
- Changes in vision or double vision
Causes and Risk Factors
Men are affected one-and-one-half more often then women. The disease is more common in people between 45 and 85 years of age.
Approximately 60 to 70 percent of sinus cancers occur in the maxillary sinus. About 20 to 30 percent begin in the nasal cavity, and 10 to 15 percent in the ethmoid sinuses. Less than 10 percent are found in the frontal and sphenoid sinuses.
Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are associated with exposure to products found in furniture making, the leather industry, and the textile industry:
- Wood dust, nickel dust
- Mustard gas
- Isopropyl oil
- Dichlorodiethyl sulfide
Some viral infections can cause sinus cancer. The human papilloma virus (HPV) can produce a benign (non-cancerous) sinus tumor called inverted papilloma.