Although many sinus or nasal cancers exhibit no symptoms, certain prolonged symptoms may indicate cancer, including:
- Persistent nasal congestion, especially on one side
- Pain in the forehead, cheek, nose or around the eyes or ear
- Post-nasal drip at the back of the throat
- Frequent and persistent nosebleeds
- Double or blurred vision
- Loss of sense of smell or taste
- Pain or numbness in the face or teeth
- A growth in the face, nose, palate or neck
- Runny eyes
- Difficulty opening the mouth
- Recurrent ear infections
- Difficulty hearing
Causes and Risk Factors
Men are more likely to get sinus cancer than women.
The most common age for diagnosis of the condition is in the fifties and sixties.
Smoking and tobacco smoke is a major risk factor for nose and sinus cancer, as well as other cancers of the respiratory track. Exposure to dusts from wood, leather or textiles, as well as inhaling vapors from glue, formaldehyde, solvents, nickel, chromium, rubbing alcohol and radium appear to increase the risk of such cancers. Avoiding exposure to these risk factors can reduce the risk of sinus or nasal cancer, especially avoiding tobacco smoke.
Although the cause of sinus and nasal cavities is unknown, they occur when the genes that control cell growth become defective.