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Quantitative Perfusion SPECT (QPS)
Quantitative Perfusion SPECT (QPS) is an interactive standalone application for the automatic segmentation, quantification, analysis and display of static (ungated) short axis myocardial perfusion SPECT images.
- Improved Perfusion Quantification, or PFQ
A more accurate quantitative perfusion analysis is the key advantage of PFQ, the improved quantification module of QPS. This software provides as its primary nuclear variable the Total Perfusion Deficit (TPD), reflecting the extent and severity of the overall perfusion defect, and correlating strongly with the widely used visual variables of SSS or % myocardium abnormal. PFQ has been shown to be superior to the previous quantitative algorithm of QPS and even to be able to outperform expert visual analysis, despite the fact that the experts take into account information from the patient's history and stress test results in forming their final interpretation (Slomka, et al J Nucl Cardiol 2005;12:66-77). If this is accomplished in the expert laboratory, the importance of PFQ in less experienced laboratories is likely to be even more significant. PFQ also allows a greatly simplified addition of new perfusion databases.
- QPS Companion: AHA automatic 17 segment scoring, eccentricity calculation
- Fusion/CT: fusion overlays of CT/CTA with SPECT, coronary artery tree 3D display
- PlusPack: Prone/supine, serial change, motion frozen, QGS phase information, shape index, PowerPoint
QPS provides the following functionality:
- Automatic generation of left ventricle (LV) inner and outer surfaces and valve plane from LV short axis perfusion SPECT data, using user supplied hints if available (e.g. approximate LV location).
- Display of stress and rest projection (raw) images in static and cine mode. Two-dimensional display of stress and rest short axis SPECT images in 1 (single), 2 (dual), 3 (triple), or 4 (quadruple) mode. (2, 3, and 4 are displayed as interleaved or side-by-side). Three-dimensional parametric display of stress and rest short axis SPECT images in 1 (single), 2 (dual), 3 (triple), or 4 (quadruple) mode. (2, 3, and 4 are displayed as interleaved or side-by-side).
- Automatic computation of functional metrics including LV chamber volume and mid-myocardial surface area
- Automatic generation of stress, rest and reversibility surfaces and polar maps, which display in parametric fashion the pattern of LV myocardial perfusion. Determination and display of the severity and extent of perfusion defects using isotope- and gender-specific normal limits.
- Automatic computation of global quantitative defect size, both in absolute terms and as a percentage of the mid-myocardial surface area.
- Automatic generation of segmental perfusion scores (stress, rest and reversibility) based on a multi-segment, multiple-point scale, and subsequent derivation of the global scores SSS (summed stress score), SRS (summed rest score), SDS (summed difference score), SS% (summed stress percent), SR% (summed rest percent), and SD% (summed difference percent).
- Display of screen captures images (also known as snapshots).
- Storage of all generated results in a separate review file.
- Integration of ARG (Automated Report Generator) within QPS to provide day-to-day reporting functionality.
Information regarding the availability of QPS can be found here.
- Germano G, Kavanagh P, Waechter P, Areeda J, Sharir T, Lewin H, Berman D. A new automatic approach to myocardial perfusion SPECT quantitation. J Nucl Med 1998 (abstract); 39(5):62P.
- Lewin H, Sharir T, Germano G, Kavanagh P, Lai S, Friedman J, Kang X, Berman D. Reproducibility of dual isotope myocardial perfusion SPECT using a new quantitative perfusion SPECT (QPS) approach. J Am Coll Cardiol 1999 (abstract); 33(2(Suppl.A)):483A.
- Sharir T, Germano G, Kavanagh P, Areeda J, Lewin H, Friedman J, Berman D. A novel method for quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion SPECT: validation and diagnostic yield. J Nucl Med 1998 (abstract); 39(5):103P.