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Anatomy of the Prostate Gland
The prostate gland is a male reproductive gland that makes the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. A healthy prostate is a little larger than a walnut. It is located just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra, the tube that allows urine to pass out of the body.
As men age, the prostate gland often gets bigger. When this happens it can press on the urethra and cause problems with going to the bathroom. If these problems get severe enough, it may be necessary to have surgery such as transurethral resection of the prostate, transurethral incision of the prostate or to have the prostate removed.
Treating Benign Prostate Enlargement
At the Urology Academic Practice at Cedars-Sinai, a prostate that is enlarged for reasons other than cancer can be treated in a number of ways. These include:
- Transurethral electro-resection (TURP)
- Transurethral electro-Vaporization (TUEVAP)
- Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA)
- Transurethral microwave technology (TUMT)
Treating Prostate Cancer
If the prostate is enlarged due to cancer, the Urology Academic Practice offers a variety of treatments. These include:
- Laparoscopic removal of the prostate gland
- Removal of the lymph nodes